Chhoyk village, Srei Ambel district, Koh Kong (Cambodia). S. M. (15) sits on the truck ready to start another day of work in the sugar cane plantations. He dropped school when he was 8 years old. In rural areas of Cambodia, at least 75,000 hectares in economic land concessions have been granted for industrial sugarcane production in the past ten years, leading to the destruction of protected forests, the pollution of water sources, and the forced displacement and dispossession of hundreds of families. (Photo: Thomas Cristofoletti / Ruom); Background image: Children work nearby to their parents at a construction project in New Delhi, India (Photo: Getty Images).
The List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor is an annual publication issued by the U.S. Bureau of International Labor Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor. The ILAB maintains a list of goods and their source countries which it has reason to believe are produced by child labor or forced labor in violation of international standards, as required under the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2005 and subsequent reauthorizations.
The ILAB maintains the List primarily to raise public awareness about forced labor and child labor around the world and to promote efforts to combat them; it is not intended to be punitive, but rather to serve as a catalyst for more strategic and focused coordination and collaboration among those working to address these problems.
Publication of the List has resulted in new opportunities for ILAB to engage with foreign governments to combat forced labor and child labor. It is also a valuable resource for researchers, advocacy organizations and companies wishing to carry out risk assessments and engage in due diligence on labor rights in their supply chains.
The countries on the List span every region of the world. The most common agricultural goods listed are cotton, sugarcane, coffee, cattle, rice, fish and cocoa. In the manufacturing sector, bricks, garments, carpets, and footwear appear most frequently; and in mined or quarried goods, diamonds, coal and gold.
ILAB released its initial TVPRA List in 2009, and updated it annually through 2014, following a set of procedural guidelines that were the product of an intensive public consultation process. ILAB now updates and publishes the List every other year, pursuant to changes in the law.
As of September 30, 2016, the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor comprises 139 goods from 75 countries.