Dame Elizabeth Rosemond “Liz” Taylor, DBE (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011) was an English-born American actress. From her early years as a child star with MGM, she became one of the great screen actresses of Hollywood’s Golden Age, and one of the most famous film stars in the world. Taylor was recognized not only as a talented and award-winning actress, but also for her glamorous lifestyle and beauty, with distinctive violet eyes.
At the age of 12, National Velvet (1944) made Taylor famous. She acted in over 50 films, including such classics as Father of the Bride (1950), A Place in the Sun (1951), and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958). Taylor won the Academy Award for Best Actress for BUtterfield 8 (1960), and again for Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966) with husband Richard Burton.
Taylor’s much publicized personal life included eight marriages, several life-threatening illnesses, and decades spent as an outspoken advocate for AIDS awareness, research and cure. She was named a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire and received the Presidential Citizens Medal and the Legion of Honour. The American Film Institute named Taylor seventh on its Female Legends list, and in 1993 awarded her an AFI Life Achievement Award. Taylor died of congestive heart failure at the age of 79.