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Henk Zanoli, Who Saved Jewish Boy in WWII, Returns Medal to Israel After Family Killed in Gaza

Henk Zanoli 2In a few words, a letter that arrived by messenger at the Israeli embassy in Holland on the afternoon of Thursday, August 14 told the story of three bereaved families whose lives were intertwined: Zanoli, Pinto and Ziadah. Enclosed in the letter was the Righteous Among the Nations medal that was granted to Johana Zanoli-Smit (posthumously) and her son Henk for hiding and rescuing a 12-year-old boy, Elhanan Pinto, during the Nazi occupation of Holland.

On Thursday, Henk Zanoli, 91, returned the medal to the State of Israel because, he wrote, the state murdered six of his relatives, members of the Ziadah family from the El Boureij refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Zanoli, a lawyer, wrote to Ambassador Hayim Davon that “…for me to hold on to the honour granted by the State of Israel under these circumstances, will be both an insult to the memory of my courageous mother who risked her life and that of her children fighting against suppression and for the preservation of human life as well as an insult to those in my family, four generations on, who lost no less than six of their relatives in Gaza at the hands of the State of Israel.”

At his mother’s request, Henk set out for Amsterdam one day in 1943 and returned with Pinto, whose parents had been sent to concentration camps from which they would not return. The trip by train to their village in the Utrecht region was difficult and frightening; the campaigns to catch Jews were at their height. The Zanolis were already involved in resistance to the occupation. Johana’s husband was arrested and exiled to Dachau, and a few months before Germany surrendered, he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp. The Nazis executed her son-in-law in the dunes of The Hague for his participation in the Dutch resistance movement. Another of her sons was engaged to a Jewish woman, who was arrested for the crime of being Jewish and murdered. Elhanan Pinto was saved and eventually emigrated to Israel.

Johana Zanoli and Henk didn’t talk much about the years of the occupation, said Angelique Eijpe, 41, Zanoli’s great-grandniece, who is a diplomat in the Dutch foreign service. Johana Zanoli died in 1980. She didn’t expect to receive a prize for her deeds, nor did her son initiate the receipt of the Righteous Among the Nations award at a ceremony held in 2011 at the Israeli embassy in The Hague.

The initiator was the survivor, Pinto.

“Only recently did I discover that they were actually traumatized after losing three family members: a husband, a son-in-law and a fiancee,” said Eijpe. “The entire family was involved in resistance to the occupation, but they didn’t talk about it much. I only remember that they disliked Germans.”

In the late 1990s Eijpe was studying at Birzeit University on the West Bank where she met Isma’il Ziadah, an economics student who was born in the El Boureij refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. The family originated from the village of Faluja (on whose land is present-day Kiryat Gat and other Israeli communities). They married several years later and since then have been living together abroad. Since 2012 they have been living with their three children in Oman, where Eijpe works as the deputy head of the Dutch diplomatic mission. In June they went to The Hague for their summer vacation and often spoke with their family in Gaza via Skype.

Skype is a poor substitute for a real meeting. But a real meeting is almost impossible due to the limitations that Israel imposes on the movement of residents of the Gaza Strip. Isma’il and his two older sons (ages 6 and 7), who were registered in the Palestinian population registry, are not allowed to leave or enter the Strip to travel to the West Bank via the Erez checkpoint, to land at Ben-Gurion International Airport, to enter the West Bank via the Allenby terminal on the Jordanian border, or to stay on the West Bank.

As a Dutch woman, Eijpe, the wife and mother, is allowed to land at Ben Gurion, enter the West Bank via Allenby and visit there. She is not allowed to enter the Gaza Strip via the Erez checkpoint or the Rafah terminal, which aside from a short period after the revolution in Egypt has been open only to Palestinians who are residents of the occupied territories. Isma’il and his two sons last visited the Strip in 2010, entering via Egypt. The Egyptians denied entry to Eijpe. “For us the siege of Gaza is a very concrete, very personal matter,” said Eijpe, who last saw her mother-in-law in 2005.

In Oman the Skype connection is blocked, so they all particularly enjoyed the unlimited conversations from The Hague. Isma’il spoke with his brothers in Gaza and with his mother, Muftiyah, 70. The children spoke a lot with their cousins and their grandmother, whom they called “Tiyah.” “How you’ve grown,” she said proudly, never tiring of looking at the third grandson who appeared on the computer screen, and whom she didn’t know yet. Since the start of the July 8 assault, they have become more emotionally dependent on these Skype conversations.

On Sunday, July 20, at noon Isma’il Ziadah spoke to the daughter of one of his brothers who lives in Gaza City. She suddenly received a phone call informing her that “something has happened in El Boureij,” and then the Skype connection was interrupted. That morning it was reported that in the Shujaiyeh neighborhood in Gaza seven Israeli soldiers were killed, as well dozens of civilians living in the neighborhood, whose homes were bombed with their occupants inside or who were shot while fleeing from the neighborhood. Ziadah was unable to contact his family in El Boureij.

Maybe it’s an electricity blackout, he thought, perhaps a problem due to the bombings. He asked his sons to go play downstairs in the yard. Their games interfered with his feverish attempts to renew contact with his home. And still he didn’t imagine the worst.

Isma’il’s brother Hassan, 50, a psychologist who lives and works in Gaza, told Haaretz this week: “That night there were many bombings and shellings in the eastern part of El Boureij. Nobody slept, not those in the camp and not us in Gaza. We considered the possibility that they had left the house. Mother and four brothers, their wives and children, live in the house. Khaled, who is a nurse, was in the clinic all the time in any case. His wife and children had gone to her family. The other three brothers, Jamil, 53, Youssef, 43 and Omar, 32, decided in the end to remain, along with our mother. Jamil’s wife, Bayan, also remained, and their 12-year-old son, Shaaban, insisted on staying with them.

“Two of the wives and their young children, and five of Jamil and Bayan’s six children, drove to Gaza, although the road from the camp was also difficult and frightening, with continuous bombings and shellings.”

At about 12 noon Hassan spoke by phone with his brother Jamil, to make sure that the children had arrived safely in Gaza. “See you,” said Jamil.

At about 2:30 p.m. a friend contacted Hassan to tell him that he had heard that the home of someone called Abu Suhayb Ziadah had been bombed. Hassan didn’t imagine that it was the house in El Boureij and that Abu Suhayb was his brother Khaled. He thought that it was one of his relatives, also Abu Suhayb, who lives in Gaza.

Hassan contacted several relatives — and then he got a call from his brother Sa’ed, who also lives in Gaza. He was crying: “Our home in El Boureij was bombed.” It was a four-story house, the pride of the mother and her sons, a house built on land purchased with savings they all contributed, and to which they moved only in 2003 from a small asbestos-roofed home provided by UNRWA.

“We all assumed that the army gives people a warning — by phone, with a warning missile — before it bombs a house or shells a neighborhood, that the army would give them time to leave,” Hassan said. “The grandson Shaaban, who is very close to my mother, remained in the house with them. If my mother had had any suspicion that our house was among Israel’s targets, for some reason that I can’t imagine, she wouldn’t have allowed her sons and her grandson to stay. I’m convinced of that.”

They drove to the hospital in Dir Al Balah to identify the bodies: Four arrived immediately; another two were identified later and brought to the mosque next to the cemetery, just as the funeral was about to begin. Another body was discovered in the ruins of their home: that of Mohammed Maqadmah, 30, a resident of the camp. According to B’Tselem — the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories — he was a member of the military arm of Hamas.

Hassan Ziadah has been working at the mental-health center in Gaza since 1991. He treats trauma victims and knows how to diagnose his condition and that of his family at present. “Mourning always takes time, but how do you deal with it when the loss is of six family members?” Hassan says. “You’re overwhelmed. You think about mother and then you’re angry at yourself for forgetting your elder brother, or think about your nephew and immediately reprimand yourself for not thinking of your younger brother.

“And besides, even before we lost them we lived in a situation of tremendous fear, insecurity and a sense of imminent death. This situation didn’t change even after they were killed. So we couldn’t yet begin to mourn naturally. Mourning has its own rituals, both religious and social, that make things easier. But like thousands of others, we were unable to observe these rituals because of the bombings and shellings.”

One of the trademarks of an Israel Defense Forces assault is the killing of entire families or many members of the same family, inside their homes. B’Tselem has documented 60 such families that were killed during the four weeks of the war: 458 people, including 108 women under the age of 60, 214 minors and 18 men and women aged 60 and over. On July 20 the IDF killed nine families, a total of 73 people.

The IDF spokesman did not reply to Haaretz’s question as to whether the Ziadah home was bombed by mistake — and if not, which family member was the target of the bombing, and whether the killing of the six civilians in the house is considered legitimate “collateral damage.” The spokesman replied that the IDF invests great efforts to avoid harming civilians, is working to investigate complaints about irregular incidents, and will publish the results after the investigations are concluded.

Reprint:‘Holding This Medal Insults My Relatives, Slain in Gaza by Israel’ -By Amira Hass | Haaretz

 

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Yazidi Villagers Massacred by ISIS

yazidi-girl One Yazidi girl among thousands who were able to escape life-threatening conditions on Mount Sinjar to a makeshift refugee camp in Dohuk province in this Reuters image. (Photo: AP)

Militants in northern Iraq have massacred at least 80 men from the Yazidi faith in a village and abducted women and children, reports say. Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) fighters entered Kocho, 45km (30 miles) from Sinjar, on Friday afternoon, reportedly telling men to convert to Islam or die. The group’s atrocities against non-Sunni Muslims have shocked the international community into action.

In New York, the UN Security Council imposed sanctions on ISIS members.

In another development, the United States’ military said two of its drones had attacked and destroyed two vehicles identified as belonging to ISIS near Sinjar on Friday morning, after receiving reports from Kurdish forces that the militants were attacking civilians in the village of Kawju.

‘CONVERT OR DIE’
Kurdish officials confirmed the attack on Kocho after it was reported by Yazidi activists based in Washington.

“They arrived in vehicles and they started their killing this afternoon,” senior Kurdish official Hoshiyar Zebari told Reuters news agency on Friday. The killings took place over the space of an hour, said a Yazidi MP, Mahama Khalil, who reportedly spoke to survivors. A resident of a nearby village said an ISIS fighter from the same area had given him details of the bloodshed.

“He told me that the Islamic State had spent five days trying to persuade villagers to convert to Islam and that a long lecture was delivered about the subject today,” said the villager.

“He then said the men were gathered and shot dead. The women and girls were probably taken to [the city of] Tal Afar because that is where the foreign fighters are.”

Hadi Pir, a Yazidi activist and member of the Yazidi Crisis Management Team in the US, also said a deadline to convert had been given to the villagers.

The villagers were assembled at Kocho’s only school, after which the men were shot, the activists said. Remaining villagers were then put on buses for an unknown destination.

ISIS-led violence has driven an estimated 1.2 million Iraqis from their homes. Whole communities of Yazidis and Christians have been forced to flee in the north, along with Shia Iraqis, whom IS do not regard as true Muslims.

Separately, fighting flared up on Friday in the mainly Sunni Anbar province, west of Baghdad, parts of which have been under ISIS control.

SANCTIONS
Some leaders of Iraq’s Sunni Muslim minority have said they may work against the militants in cooperation with Iraq’s new Prime Minister, Minister Haider al-Abadi, who is tasked with restoring order.

The mainly Shia Muslim government is locked in a fight with ISIS since the group led an insurrection in the north this summer, making the city of Mosul the capital of a self-declared state which extends into Syria.

Yazidi and Christian people in northern Iraq have faced persecution by the jihadists, prompting US-led air strikes, humanitarian aid drops, and calls for other Western states to arm opponents of ISIS.

Meeting in New York, the UN Security Council made six people associated with ISIS or the Syria-based Nusra Front subject to an international travel ban, asset freeze and arms embargo. Backers of the two groups may also face sanctions, they said.

UK ambassador at the UN Sir Mark Lyall Grant says the impact of this will only be felt in the long term. “We’re not suggesting that this resolution is going to immediately dramatically change the situation on the ground, ” he said. “But it is a first step towards establishing a longer term international framework for tackling this major threat.”

At an emergency EU meeting in Brussels on Friday, the 28 member-states were left to decide individually whether they would arm Iraq’s Kurds, the main opponent of ISIS in the north.

The UK said it would “consider favorably” any request to send arms to the Kurds, while the Czech government said it would be in a position to start deliveries of munitions by the end of the month.

Germany is legally prevented from arming countries involved in conflict, but Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said he would go to the limit of “what is legally and politically possible” to help the Kurds and he will travel to Iraq shortly.

Reprint: Iraq Crisis: Yazidi Villagers ‘Massacred’ by IS | BBC

Related: Flight from Hell | CNN Special on Rescues from Iraq’s Mt. Sinjar

 

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Norwegian Doctor Pens ‘A Letter from Gaza’

Mads_Gilbert 2Dearest friends,

The last night was extreme. The “ground invasion” of Gaza resulted in scores and carloads with maimed, torn apart, bleeding, shivering, dying – all sorts of injured Palestinians, all ages, all civilians, all innocent.

The heroes in the ambulances and in all of Gaza’s hospitals are working 12-24 hour shifts, grey from fatigue and inhuman workloads (without payment all in Shifa for the last 4 months), they care, triage, try to understand the incomprehensible chaos of bodies, sizes, limbs, walking, not walking, breathing, not breathing, bleeding, not bleeding humans. HUMANS!

Now, once more treated like animals by “the most moral army in the world” (sic!).

My respect for the wounded is endless, in their contained determination in the midst of pain, agony and shock; my admiration for the staff and volunteers is endless, my closeness to the Palestinian “sumud” gives me strength, although in glimpses I just want to scream, hold someone tight, cry, smell the skin and hair of the warm child, covered in blood, protect ourselves in an endless embrace – but we cannot afford that, nor can they.

Ashy grey faces – Oh NO! Not one more load of tens of maimed and bleeding, we still have lakes of blood on the floor in the ER, piles of dripping, blood-soaked bandages to clear out – oh – the cleaners, everywhere, swiftly shovelling the blood and discarded tissues, hair, clothes,cannulas – the leftovers from death – all taken away … to be prepared again, to be repeated all over. More then 100 cases came to Shifa in the last 24 hrs. Enough for a large well trained hospital with everything, but here – almost nothing: no electricity, water, disposables, drugs, OR-tables, instruments, monitors – all rusted and as if taken from museums of yesterday’s hospitals. But they do not complain, these heroes. They get on with it, like warriors, head on, enormously resolute.

And as I write these words to you, alone, on a bed, my tears flow, the warm but useless tears of pain and grief, of anger and fear. This is not happening!

An then, just now, the orchestra of the Israeli war-machine starts its gruesome symphony again, just now: salvos of artillery from the navy boats just down on the shores, the roaring F16, the sickening drones (Arabic ‘Zennanis’, the hummers), and the cluttering Apaches. So much made in and paid by the US.

Mr. Obama – do you have a heart?

I invite you – spend one night – just one night – with us in Shifa. Disguised as a cleaner, maybe.

I am convinced, 100%, it would change history.

Nobody with a heart AND power could ever walk away from a night in Shifa without being determined to end the slaughter of the Palestinian people.

But the heartless and merciless have done their calculations and planned another “dahyia” onslaught on Gaza.

The rivers of blood will keep running the coming night. I can hear they have tuned their instruments of death.

Please. Do what you can. This, THIS cannot continue.

Mads Gilbert MD PhD
Professor and Clinical Head
Clinic of Emergency Medicine
University Hospital of North Norway


Reprint: Letter from Gaza by a Norwegian Doctor | Dr. Mads Frederick Gilbert (July 20, 2014)

 

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David Harris-Gershon: ‘The Past Week Has Changed Me Forever’

David Harris-GershonGrowing up outside of Atlanta, I learned to crawl with Bob Dylan’s “Only A Pawn In Their Game” as my soundtrack, anti-war posters hanging on the walls, beckoning me and my raw knees forward. I was weaned with the voice of Martin Luther King, Jr. reverberating down the narrow halls of my parents’ apartment, formed my first words as though delivering a soliloquy on equality.

In first grade, I asked the teacher if the ‘Indians’ still celebrated Thanksgiving. When she asked why I wanted to know, I responded, “Because the people they ate with took their land,” something I’d learned from an honest mother. During a Little League game, my father intervened when coaches tried to initiate a prayer circle, wanting us to give thanks in Jesus’ name. He fiercely believed in the separation of church and, well, everything.

As an American Jew, I was mostly instilled with progressive values as a child. Rather, I was instilled with progressive, American values – particularly those which aligned with liberal, Jewish ones. A love of social justice, human rights, equality. A disdain for racism, fundamentalism, colonialism. Sure, I attended Hebrew school, but my scripture was more the Bill of Rights than the Torah, and my anthems came from hip-hop and rock, not the Book of Psalms (תהילים).

Despite this, my early love for progressivism was accompanied by a love for the State of Israel. As a short, Jewish kid who wanted to be an NBA star, I was naturally inclined to root for the underdog. And at synagogue, we were taught that Jews were the ultimate underdogs, miraculously surviving the Holocaust and a history of oppression to create a contemporary “light unto the nations” which fought with dogged determination against evil and had a cool flag. And I was taught that I was vulnerable, that there were people who wanted me dead, and that Israel was a safe haven, a beacon, a garden to which I could always escape.

Palestinians, accordingly, were portrayed as just one in a series of people who have risen up throughout history to destroy us, being painted as a caricature of evil. As a boy, I nodded and understood. Israel was not just good, it was necessary.

One Sunday morning, my parents dropped me off at our local, liberal synagogue for what was billed as the youth group’s pancake breakfast. Once inside, we were surprisingly herded into a multi-purpose room and sharply ordered to sit against the walls by masked men carrying plastic assault rifles. Stale bread was thrown on the linoleum floor toward me and my friends, perplexed and unsure what the hell this was all about, but smart enough to know it was not actually a dangerous situation. Younger children started crying.

This is what the enemy is like, some teachers told us when it was over.

I nodded. We were the good ones.

–§–

As an adult, I’ve moved away from such naiveté while holding on to both my Zionist and progressive leanings, despite the growing struggle for coexistence between the two. And it’s not as though I’m mildly informed about the region or mildly invested in Israel and my Jewishness. The opposite, in fact, is the case. I’m a Jewish studies teacher at a day school, yeshiva-educated with a master’s degree from Hebrew University in Jerusalem. I’ve authored a memoir about my experience with terror and reconciliation, and write extensively about the region, often critiquing Israel from a progressive perspective while maintaining my desire for a two-state solution to the conflict.

As an adult, I’ve learned about the cleansing of Arab villages which took place from 1947-1949 to make way for the Jewish state. I’ve learned about the ongoing settlement enterprise, the appropriation and bifurcation of Palestinian lands. I’ve learned the horrors of Israel’s decades-old occupation of the West Bank, about the suppression of basic human rights and the atrocities committed. I’ve studied Israel’s use of indefinite detentions, home demolitions, restrictions on goods and movement, and the violence visited upon those being occupied.

I’ve learned that – and this is just one example of many – a Palestinian child has tragically been killed every three days for the past 14 years. That bears repeating, since such deaths are rarely, if ever, given any attention in America: Palestinian parents have had to bury a child every three days for the past 14 years.

Knowing all this, I’ve still held fast to my ‘progressive Zionism,’ hoping Israel could become that beacon of liberalism I was presented as a child, a beacon which never truly existed in the first place, despite the country’s socialist roots. Why have I done so? For two reasons: 1) deep down, I still believe in the promise of Israel, and 2) I can’t shake the notion that a Jewish state is absolutely necessary for our security.

Over the last decade, I’ve formed alliances with progressive Americans and the Israeli left, working in my own, small ways to try and move Israel away from those illegal, geopolitical policies causing so much suffering for Palestinians and undermining Israel’s ability to not just thrive, but survive. All the while, I’ve watched the anti-war movement in Israel weaken, watched racism flourish and religious fundamentalism grow, watched Israel’s government build settlements at a record pace and make clear it has little interest in peace.

These realities have forced me to consider the incongruity between my American-borne progressivism and my Zionism. They have forced me to admit, like Peter Beinart, that in order to continue supporting Israel as a Jewish state, with everything it continues to do, I must compromise my progressivism.

However, the mind-numbingly horrific events of the past week have forced me, for the first time, to wonder whether such compromising can be sustained.

Excerpt, read As a Jew Living in America, The Past Week Has Changed Me Forever -By David Harris-Gershon | Tikkun Daily (Blog)

For an opposing view, read Why We Fight -By Corey Feldman | The Times of Israel

 


David Harris-Gershon is author of the memoir What Do You Buy the Children of the Terrorist Who Tried to Kill Your Wife?, recently published by Oneworld Publications.

 

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Gaza’s Growing Graveyard: Naming the Dead

Free Palestine

A Chinese woman holds a banner reading ‘Free Palestine” during a protest against Israeli air strikes on Gaza, outside the Palestinian embassy in Beijing on July 18. (Photo: Andy Wong/AP)

Israel has hit more than 1,000 targets in the densely populated Gaza Strip, in attacks it claims only target Hamas military infrastructure. Many civilian buildings have been hit. On July 17, Israel invaded Gaza in a ground operation dubbed Operation Protective Edge.

Many Palestinian families fled the Shujayea neighborhood in the east of Gaza city on July 20, after the heaviest bombardment of the 13-day Israel assault on Gaza. Heavy tank and artillery shelling has left at least 60 people dead, most of them women and children, and over 200 injured. Horrific images were aired on Al Jazeera, where corpses of burnt women and children were lying on the streets of Shujayea as a result of the Israeli bombardment.

According to the United Nations, children make up one-fifth (1 in 5) of the now 370+ Palestinians killed in 13 days of intense Israeli bombardment of the densely populated Gaza Strip, where half the 1.7 million people are under age 18. Many of the children were killed in their own homes.

Hundreds of rockets have also been launched from Gaza into Israel. Some rockets have reached Tel Aviv, but Israel’s Iron Dome defence system intercepted most of them. To date, seven Israelis have been killed: 2 civilians and 5 soldiers.

 

PALESTINIANS DEAD
Ashraf al-Qedra, a spokesman for the Gaza health ministry, is providing Al Jazeera with a list the names of those killed since the start of Israel’s campaign on Monday, July 7. Casualties on the Israeli side are also listed below. The list is updated regularly.


1. Mohammed Shaaban, 24, killed in Gaza.


2. Amjad Shaaban, 30, killed in Gaza.

3. Khader al-Bashiliki, 45, killed in Gaza.

4. Rashad Yassin, 27, killed in the Nusseirat refugee camp.

5. Mohammed Ayman Ashour, 15, killed in Khan Younis.

6. Riad Mohammed Kawareh, 50, killed in Khan Younis.

7. Bakr Mohammed Judeh, 22, killed in Khan Younis.

8. Ammar Mohammed Judeh, 26, killed in Khan Younis.

9. Hussein Yousef Kawareh, 13, killed in Khan Younis.

10. Mohammed Ibrahim Kawareh, 50, killed in Khan Younis.

11. Mohammed Aahed Habib, 22, killed in Gaza.

12. Ahmed Moussa Habib, 16, killed in Gaza.

13. Saqr Ayesh al-Ajuli, 22, killed in Jabalia.

14. Ahmed Nael Mahdi, 16, killed in Gaza.

15. Basil Salem Kawareh, 10, killed in Khan Younis.

16. Hafez Mohammed Hamad, 30, Islamic Jihad commander, killed in Beit Hanoun.

17. Ibrahim Mohammed Hamad, 26 killed in Beit Hanoun.

18. Mahdi Mohammed Hamad, 46 killed in Beit Hanoun.

19. Fawziya Khalil Hamad, 62, killed in Beit Hanoun.

20. Dunya Mahdi Hamad, 16, killed in Beit Hanoun.

21. Suha Hamad, 25, killed in Beit Hanoun.

22. Suleiman Salman Abu Sowaween, 22, killed in Deir al-Balah.

23. Siraj Ayad Abdelal, 8, killed in Khan Younis.

24. Abdel Hadi Jumaa al-Sufi, 24.

25. Rashid al-Kafarneh, 30, killed in Beit Hanoun.

26. Nayfeh Farajallah, 80,

27. Abdel Nasser Abu Kweik, 60, killed in Beit Hanoun.

28. Khaled Abu Kweik, 31, killed in Beit Hanoun.

29. Mohammed Arif, 13, killed in Gaza.

30. Mohammed Malake, 1½, killed in Gaza.

31. Hanaa Malake, 27, killed in Gaza.

32. Hatem Abu Salem, unreported age

33. Mohammed Khaled al-Nimre, 22, killed in Gaza.

34. Sahar Hamdan al-Masri, 40, killed in Beit Hanoun.

35. Mohammed Ibrahim al-Masri, 14, killed in Beit Hanoun.

36. Mohammed Khalaf al-Nawasra, 4, killed in al-Maghazi.

37. Nidal Khalaf al-Nawasra, 5, killed in al-Maghazi.

38. Aicha Najm, 20, killed in al-Maghazi.

39. Salah Awad al-Nawasra, 6, killed in al-Maghazi.

40. Mahmoud Nahed al-Nawasra, unreported age.

41. Amal Yousef Abdel Ghafour, 27, killed in Khan Younis.

42. Raneem Judeh Abdel Ghafour, 1½, killed in Khan Younis.

43. Ibrahim Daoud al-Balaawi, 24, killed in Rafah.

44. Abdel Rahman Jamal al-Zamli, 22, killed in Rafah.

45. Ibrahim Ahmed Abdeen, 42, killed in Rafah.

46. Mustafa Abu Murr, 20, killed in Rafah.

47. Khaled Abu Murr, 23, killed in Rafah.

48. Mazen Faraj al-Jarba, 30, killed in Deir al-Balah.

49. Marwan Isleem, 27, killed in Deir al-Balah.

50. Hani Saleh Hamad, 57, killed in Beit Hanoun.

51. Ibrahim Hamad, 20, killed in Beit Hanoun.

52. Salima Hassan Maslam al-Arja, 60.

53. Mariam Atiah Mohammed al-Arja, 11.

54. Hamid Shihab, 37, killed in Gaza.

55. Ibrahim Khalil Qanan, 24, killed in Khan Younis.

56. Mohammed Khalil Qanan, 26, killed in Khan Younis.

57. Suleiman al-Astal, 55, killed in Khan Younis.

58. Hamdi Badie Sawali, 33, killed in Khan Younis.

59. Mohammed al-Akkad, 24, killed in Khan Younis.

60. Ahmed Sawali, 28, killed in Khan Younis.

61. Raed Shalat, 37.

62. Mahmoud Lutfi al-Hajj, 58, killed in Khan Younis.

63. Asmaa Mahmoud al-Hajj, 22, killed in Khan Younis.

64. Tarik Saad al-Hajj, 18, killed in Khan Younis.

65. Saad Mahmoud al-Hajj, 17, killed in Khan Younis.

66. Najlaa Mahmoud al-Hajj, 29, killed in Khan Younis.

67. Fatima al-Hajj, 12, killed in Khan Younis.

68. Omar al-Hajj, 20, killed in Khan Younis.

69. Basima Abdel Fattah al-Hajj, 57, killed in Khan Younis.

70. Ahmed Salim al-Astal, 24, killed in Khan Younis.

71. Moussa Mohammed al-Astal, 50, killed in Khan Younis.

72. Raed al-Zawarea, 33, killed in Khan Younis.

73. Bahaa Abu al-Leil, 35, Islamic Jihad member, killed in Gaza.

74.Salem Qandil, 27, Islamic Jihad member, killed in Gaza.

75. Amer al-Fayyoumi, 30, Islamic Jihad member, killed in Gaza.

76. Abdallah Ramadan Abu Ghazal, 5, killed in Beit Hanoun.

77. Islamel Hassan Abu Jamaa, 19, killed in Khan Younis.

78. Mohammed Ehsan Farwane, 18, killed in Khan Younis.

79. Mahmoud Talee Wallud, 26, Islamic Jihad member, killed in Jabalia.

80. Hazem Ibrahim Baaloushe, 30, Islamic Jihad member, killed in a civilian car in Jabalia.

81. Udai Rafik al-Sultan, 27, killed in Jabalia.

82. Hassan Awda Abu Jamaa, 75, killed in Khan Younis.

83. Yasmin Mohammed al-Mutwak, 4, killed in Beit Hanoun.

84. Ahmed Zaher Hamdan, 24, killed in Beit Hanoun.

85. Mohammed Kamal al-Kahlout, 25, killed in Jabalia.

86. Sami Andan Shaldan, 25, killed in Gaza.

87. Jumaa Atiah Shallouf, 25, killed in Rafah.

88. Bassam Abdel Rahman Khattab, 6, killed in Deir al-Balah.

89. Abdellah Mustafa Abu Mahrouk, 22, killed in Deir al-Balah.

90. Anas Rizk Abu al-Qas, 33 killed in Gaza.

91. Nour Marwan al-Najdi, 10, killed in Rafah.

92. Mohammed Mounir Ashour, 26, killed in Rafah.

93. Ghalia Deeb Jaber Ghanem, 57, killed in Rafah.

94. Wissam Abdel Razek Hassan Ghannam, 31, killed in Rafah.

95. Mahmoud Razek Hassan Ghannam, 28, Islamic Jihad member, killed in Rafah.

96. Kifah Shahadeh Deeb Ghannam, 33, killed in Rafah.

97. Raed Hani Abu Hani, 31, killed in Rafah.

98. Shahraman Ismaeil Abu al-Qas, 42, killed in Al-Breij.

99. Mazen Mustafa Aslan, 63, killed in Al-Breij.

100. Mohammed Rabih Abu Humeidan, 65, killed in northern Gaza.

101. Shahd al-Qreinawi, 7, killed in Al-Breij.

102. Abdel Halim Abdel Moeti, 54.

103. Hussein al-Mamlouk, 47, killed in Gaza.

104. Saber Sukkar, 80, killed in Gaza.

105. Nasser Mohammed Sammame, 49, killed in Gaza.

106. Rami Abu Musaed, 23, killed in Deir al-Balah.

107. Mohammed al-Sumeiri, 24, killed in Deir al-Balah.

108. Husam Eddine al-Razayne, 39, killed in Jabalia.

109. Anas Youssef Qandil, 17, killed in Jabalia.

110. Abdel Rahim Saleh al-Khatib, 38, killed in Jabalia.

111. Youssef Mohammed Qandil, 33, killed in Jabalia.

112. Mohammed Idris Abu Sanena, 20, killed in Jabalia.

113. Hala Weshahi, 31, killed in the disabled centre in Jabalia.

114. Suha Abu Saada, 38, killed in the disabled centre in Jabalia.

115. Ali Nabil Basal, 32, killed in Gaza.

116. Mohammed Bassem al-Halabi, 28, killed in Gaza.

117. Mohammed al-Suweiti, 20, killed in Gaza.

118. Ibrahim Nabil Hamade, 30, killed in Gaza.

119. Hassan Ahmed Abu Ghoush, 24, killed in Gaza.

120. Ahmed Mazen al-Balawi, 26, killed in Gaza.

121. Rateb Sobhi Youssuf al-Saifi, 22, killed in Al-Zaitoun.

122. Azmi Mahmoud Taha Obeid, 51, killed in shelling on Radwan street.

123. Nidal Mohammed Ibrahim Abu al-Malsh, 22, killed in shelling on Radwan street.

124. Suleiman Saeed Younis Obeid, 56, killed in shelling on Radwan street.

125. Ghassan Ahmed al-Masri, 25, killed in shelling on Radwan street.

126. Mustafa Mohammed Taha Anabe, 58, killed in shelling on Radwan street.

127. Rifaat Yousef Amer, 36, killed in Gaza.

128. Mohamed Idriss Abo Sowaylim, 20, killed in Jabalia.

129. Fadi Yaqoub Sukar, 25, killed in Gaza.

130. Qassim Jabr Adwan Ouda, 16, killed Khan Younis.

131. Mohammad Ahmed Bassal, 19, killed in Gaza.

132. Muhannad Yousuf Daheir, 23, killed in Rafah.

133. Mahmoud Abdallah Sharahta al-Shammal, 53.

134. Shadi Mohammed Zaareb, 21, killed in Rafah.

135. Imad Bassam Zaareb, 21, killed in Rafah.

136. Nahed Naeem al-Batesh, 41, killed in Gaza.

137. Bahaa Majed al-Batesh, 28, killed in Gaza.

138. Qusai Issam al-Batesh, 12, killed in Gaza.

139. Aziza Yousuf al-Batesh, 59, killed in Gaza.

140. Mohammed Issam al-Batesh, 17, killed in Gaza.

141. Ahmed Naaman al-Batesh, 27, killed in Gaza.

142. Yahia Alaa al-Batesh, 18, killed in Gaza.

143. Jalal Majed al-Batesh, 26, killed in Gaza.

144. Mahmoud Majed al-Batesh, 22, killed in Gaza.

145. Marwa Majed al-Batesh, 25, killed in Gaza.

146. Majid Sobhi al-Batesh, unkown age, killed in Gaza.

147. Khaled Majed al-Batesh, 20, killed in Gaza.

148. Ibrahim Majed al-Batesh, 18, killed in Gaza.

149. Manar Majed al-Batesh, 13, killed in Gaza.

150. Amal Hassan al-Batesh, 49, killed in Gaza.

151. Anas Alaa al-Batesh, 10, killed in Gaza.

152. Qusai Alaa al-Batesh, unknown age, killed in Gaza.

153. Rami Abu Shanab, 25, killed in Deir al-Balah.

154. Khawla al-Hawajri, 25, killed in Nuseirat.

155. Mohammed Ghazi Arif, 35, killed in Gaza.

156. Ghazi Mustafa Arif, 62, killed in Gaza.

157. Ahmed Yousef Dalloul, 47, killed in Gaza.

158. Hijazia Hamed al-Hilou, 80, killed in Gaza.

159. Muayed al-Aaraj, 3, killed in Khan Younis.

160. Fawziya Abdelal, 73, killed in Gaza.

161. Haitham Ashraf Zaareb, 21, killed in Rafah.

162. Laila Hassan al-Awdat al-Maghazi, 41.

163. Hussam Ibrahim al-Najjar, 14.

164. Ruwaida Abu Harb, 30.

165. Izzedine Bulbul, 25, killed in Gaza.

166. Hussein Abdel Qader Muheisen, 19, killed in Gaza.

167. Qassem Talal Hamdan, 23, killed in Beit Hanoun.

168. Maher Thabet Abu Mur, 24, killed in East Rafah.

169. Mohammed Salem Abu Breis, 65, killed in east Deir al-Balah.

170. Saddam Mousa Moammar, 23, killed in east Deir al-Balah.

171. Moussa Shahda Moammar, 60, killed in east Deir al-Balah.

172. Hanadi Hamdi Moammar, 27, killed in east Deir al-Balah.

173. Adham Mohammed Abdel-Fatah Abdelal, 25, killed in Gaza.

174. Hamid Suleiman Abu al-Araj, 60, killed in Deir al-Balah.

175. Abdallah Mahmoud Baraka, 24, killed in Khan Younis.

176. Tamer Salam Qudeih, 37, killed in Khan Younis.

177. Ziad Maher al-Najjar, 17, killed in Khan Younis.

178. Ziad Salem al-Shawi, 25, killed in Rafah.

179. Mohammed Yassir Hamdan, 24, killed in Gaza.

180. Mohammed Shakib al-Agha, 22, killed in Khan Younis.

181. Mohammed Younis. Abu Youssef, 25, killed in Khan Younis.

182. Sara Omar Sheikh al-Eid, 4, killed in Rafah.

183. Omar Ahmed Sheikh al-Eid, 24, killed in Rafah.

184. Jihad Ahmed Sheikh al-Eid, 48, killed in Rafah.

185. Kamal Atef Yousuf Abu Taha, 16, killed in Khan Younis.

186. Ismael Nabil Ahmed Abu Hatab, 21, killed in Khan Younis.

187. Ahmed Younis. Abu Youssef, 28, killed in Khan Younis.

188. Bushra Khalil Zaareb, 53, killed in East Rafah.

189. Atwa Umeir al-Ammour, 58, killed in east Khan Younis.

190. Ismael Salim al-Najjar, 46, killed in Khan Younis.

191. Mohammed Ahmed Ibrahim al-Najjar, 49, killed in Khan Younis.

192. Suleiman Abu Louli, 33, killed in Khan Younis.

193. Sobhi Abdel Hamid Mousa, 77, killed in Khan Younis.

194. Ismael Fattouh, 24, killed in Gaza.

195. Saleh Saeed Dahleez, 20, killed in Rafah.

196. Yassir Eid al-Mahmoum, 18, killed in Rafah.

197. Khalil al-Ashafi, 66, killed in Hajar al-Deek.

198. Mohammed Abdallah al-Rahuk, 23, killed in Rafah.

199. Mohammed Ismael Abu Ouda, 27, killed in Rafah.

200. Mohammed Sabri al-Debari, 20, killed in Rafah.

201. Abdallah Mohammed Abdallah al-Arjani, 19, killed in Khan Younis.

202. Ahmed Adil Ahmed al-Nawajha, 23, killed in Rafah.

203. Mohammed Tayseer Sharab, 23, killed in Khan Younis.

204. Farid Mahmoud Abu Daqqa, 33, killed in Khan Younis.

205. Ashraf Khalil Abu Shana, 33, killed in Rafah.

206. Khodra Salameh Abu Dakka, 24, killed in Khan Younis

207. Omar Ramadan Hassan Abu Dakka, 24, killed in Khan Younis.

208. Ibrahim Ramadan, 10, killed in Khan Younis.

209. Ahed Bakr, 10, Gaza beach

210. Zakaria Bakr, 10, Gaza beach

211. Mohammed Bakr, 11, Gaza beach

212. Ismail Bakr, 9, Gaza beach

213. Abdel Rahman Khalil al-Sarhi, 37, killed in Gaza

214. Hamza Raed Thari, 6, killed Jabalia

215. Akram Mohamed Abo Amer, 34, Killed in Khan Younis

216. Kamal Mohamed Mohamed Abo Amer, 38, killed in Khan Younis.

217. Hussein Abdel Latif Al Astal, 23, killed in Kahn Younis.

218. Roqayyah Al Astal, 70, killed in Khan Younis.

219, Yasmin Al Astal, 4, killed in Khan Younis.

220. Osama Mahmoud Al Astal, 6, killed in Khan Younis.

221. Hussam Jamal Shamloukh, 23, killed in Sheikh Ajleen in Gaza.

222. Mohamed Kamel Abdel Rahman, 30, killed in Gaza.

222. Mohamed Kamel Abdul-Rahman, 30, Gaza.

223. Mohamed Mahmoud al-Qadim, 22, Deir al-Balah.

224. Zainab Mohamed Saeed al-Abadla, 71, Khan Younis.

225. Mohamed Abdul-Rahman Hasouna, 67, Rafah.

226. Ahmed Raihan, 23, Beit Lahya.

227. Saleh Salem Fayyad, 25, Deir al-Balah.

228. Abdullah Salem al-Akhras, 25, Rafah.

229. Bashir Mohamed Abdul-Aal, 20, Rafah.

230. Mohammed Ziad Ghanem, 25, Rafah.

231. Mohamed Ahmed al-Hut, 41,Rafah.

232. Ismaeil Youssef El Kafarneh, age unknown, Beit Hanoun.

233. Fullah Tarek Shehebar, age unknown, location unknown.

234. Jehad Essam Shehebar, age unknown, location unknown.

235. Wassim Essam Shehebar, age unknown, location unknown.

236. Hamza Hossam Al Abadleh, 29, killed in Khan Younis.

237. Rahaf Khalil Al Jabbour, 4, killed in Khan Younis.

238. Abed Ali Ntaiz, 26, Gaza

239. Mohamed Salem Ntaiz, 4, Gaza

240. Mohamed Shadi Ntaiz , 15, Gaza

241. Salah Saleh El-Shafei, 24, Khan Younis

242. Majdi Suleiman Salama Jbara, 22, Rafah

243. Fares Jumaa al-Mahmoum, 5 months, Rafah

244. Nasim Mahmoud Naser. 22, Beit Hanoun

245. Karam Mahmoud Naseer, 20, Beit Hanoun

246. Omar Eid Awad al-Mahmoum, 18, Rafah

247. Salima Suleiman Ghayadh, 70, Rafah

248. Rani Saqr Abu Tawila, 30, Gaza

249. Hammad Abdul-Karim Hammad Abu Lihya, 23, Khan Younis

250. Mohamed Abdul Fattah Rashad Fayyad, 26, Khan Younis

251. Mahmoud Mohammed Fayyaz, 25, Khan Younis

252. Basem Mohammed Mahmoud Madhi, 22, Rafah

253. Amal Khader Ibrahim Dabour, 40, Beit Hanoun

254. Ismail Youssef Taha Qassim, 59, Beit Hanoun

255. Bilal Mahmoud Radwan, 23 years, Khan Younis

256. Munther Radwan, 22, Khan Younis

257. Ahmed Fawzi Radwan, 23, Khan Younis

258. Mahmoud Fawzi Radwan, 24, Khan Younis

259. Hani Asad Abdul-Karim al-Shami, 35, Khan Younis

260. Mohamed Hamdan Abdul-Karim al-Shami, 35, Khan Younis

261. Mahmoud Fawzi Redouane, 24, killed in Khan Younis

262. Ahmed Ismail Abu Muslim Abraj, 14.

263. Mohammed Ismail Abu Muslim Abraj, 13.

264. Hossam Muslim Abu Eissa ,26.

265. Ahmed Abdallah Bahnassaoui, 25.

266. Saleh Zgheidi, 20, killed in Rafah

267. Alaa Abu Shabat, 23, killed in Rafah

268. Ahmed Saled al-Ghalban,23, killed in Khan Younis

269. Hamada Abdallah Mohammed Al Bashti, 21.

270. Abdallah Jamal Smeiri, 17, Killed in Khan Younis

271. Mahmoud Ali Darwish, 40.

272. Walaa Al Qarra, 20, Killed in Khan Younis

273. Raafat Mohammed Al Bahloul, 35, killed in Khan Younis

274. Mohammed Awad Matar, 37, killed in Gaza

275. Hamza Mohamed Abu Hsain, 27, killed in Rafah

276. Youssef Hassan Ibrahim Al-Asstal, 23, killed in Gaza

277. Emad Hamed Elwan, 7, killed in Gaza

278. Qassem Hamed Elwan, 4, killed in Gaza

279. Sara Mohammed Al Bustan, 13, killed in Gaza

280. Rizk Ahmed Al Hayek, 2, killed in Gaza

281. Naim Moussa Abou Jarad, 23.

282. Abed Moussa Abu Jarad, 30.

283. Seham Moussa Abu Jarad, 26.

284. Rajaa Alyan Abu Jarad, age uknown.

285. Child from Abu Jarad family, age unknown.

286. Mustafa Faisal Abu Sneina, 32.

287.Ammar Faisal Abu Sneina, 18.

288. Nizar Fayez Abu Sneina, 38.

289. Ismail Ramadan Salmy Alllawlahi, 21.

290. Ghassan Salem Mussa Abu Azeb, 28, killed in Khan Younis

291. Haniyeh Abderrhman Abu Jarad, 2

292. Mussa Abderrahman Abu Jarad, 6 months.

293. Ahlam Mussa Abu Jarad, 4.

294. Mohammed Talal Al Sanee, 20, killed in Rafah

295. Unnamed.

296. Amjad Salem Shaeth, 15, in Moraj

297. Ayad Ismael AlRaqab, 26, in Bani Sila in Khan Younis

298. Yehia Bassam Mohammed AlSarri, 20, in Khan Younis

299. Mohammed Bassam AlSarri, 17, in Khan Younis

300. Mahmoud Reda Salhiya, 56, in Khan Younis

301. Mostafa Reda Salhiya, 21, in Khan Younis

302. Mohammed Mostafa Reda Salhiya, 22, in Khan Younis

303. Ibrahim Jamal Kamal Nasr, 13, in Khan Younis

304. Wasm Reda Salhiya 15, in Khan Younis

305. Ahmed Mahmoud Hasan Aziz, 34, Abraj Al-Nada in north Gaza

306. Saeed Ali Issa, 30, in Hajar Al-Deek

307. Raed Walid Laqqan, 27, in Khan Younis

308. Mohamed Jihad al-Kara (29) Khan Younis

309. Rochdi Khaked Nasr (24) Khan Younis

310. Raed Walid Laqqan (27) Khan Younis

311. Raafat Ali Bahloul (36) Khan Younis

312. Bilal Ismaeel Abu Daqqa (33) Khan Younis

313. Mohamed Ismaeel Samour (21) Khan Younis

314. Ismaeel Ramadan al-Loulhi (21) Khan Younis

315. Mohamed Ziad al-Rahl (6) Beit Lahia

316. Mohamed Abu Zaanouna (36) Gaza

317. Mohamed Rafiq al-Rahl (22) Beit Lahia

318. Fadhl Mohamed al-Banna (29) Jbalya

319. Mohamed Atallah Awda Saadat (25) Beit Hanoun

320. Mohamed Abel Rahman Abu Hamad (25) Beit Lahia

321. Maali Abu Zeid al-Wasta (24) location unknown

322. Mahmoud Abdel Hamid al-Zouaydi (23) Beit Lahia

323. Dalia Abdel Hamid al-Zouaydi (37) Beit Lahia

324. Rouya Mahmoud al-Zouaydi (6) Beit Lahia

325. Nagham Mahmoud al-Zouaydi (2) Beit Lahia

326. Ahmed Hamouda (10) Beit Lahia

327. Omar hamouda (7) Beit Lahia

328. Mohamed Rezq Mohamed Hamouda (18) Beit Lahia

329. Mohamed Khaled Jamil al-Zouaydi (20) Beit Lahia

330. Mohamed Ahmed al-Saaedi (18)

331. Tarek al-Hattou (26)

332. mahmoud al-Sherif (24)

333. Abdel Rahman Barrack (23)

334. Mahmoud Anwar abu-shabab 16 killed in rafah.

335. Moemin Tayseer Al Abd Abudan 24, killed in Al-Wustah

336. Abdalaziz Sameer abu-zaatar, 31, killed in Al-Wustah

337. Mohamed Ziyad Zaboot, 24, killed in Gaza

338. Hatim Ziyad Zaboot, 22, killed in Gaza

339. Ahmed Maheer Mohamed Abu-Thuraya, 25, killed in Al-Wustah

340. Abdullah Ghazy Abdullah Al-masry, 30, killed in Al-Wustah

341. Ayman Hashim Al-naoqi, 25, killed in Al-Wustah

342. Akram Mahmoud Al-Mutawaq, 37, killed in jabaliah

343. Salim Ali Abu Al-saada, unidentified, killed in khan younis

344. Husni Mahmoud Alabasi, 56, killed in rafah

345. Mohamed Mahmoud mamar, 30, killed in rafah

346. Hamzah Mahmoud mamar, 21, killed in rafah

347. Anas Mahmoud mamar, 17, killed in rafah

348. Mohamed Ali Jundiya, 38, killed in Gaza

349. Mohamed Ali moharib, 38, killed in Al- Shujayea Area

350. Fahmi Abdalaziz Abu-saeed, 29, from the central province

351. Ahmed Tawqeeq Zanoon, 26, killed in Rafah

352. Suhaib Ali Juma Abu-qurat, 21, killed in Rafah

353.Asama Khalil Alhay, unidentified, unidentified

354. Khalil Asama Alhay, unidentified, unidentified

355. Amamat asama Alhay, unidentified, unidentified

356. Hala Saqir Abu-heen, unidentified, unidentified

357. Hameed Sabah Mohamed Abu-fojo, 22, unidentified

358. Tawfeeq Marshood, 52, Killed in Gaza

359. Hiba Hamid Alsheikh Khalil, 14, Killed in Gaza

360. Tawfeeq Albarawi Marshood, unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

361. Ahmed Esehaq Al-Ramalaweey, unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

362. Hiba Hamid Alsheikh Khalil, unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area (Name is repeated, but different area)

363. Marwa Sulaiman AlSarsaweia, Unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

364. Raeid Mansoor Nayfa, Unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

365. Asama Rabhi Eid, Unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

366. Ahid Moosa Alsarsaq, Unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

367. Al-Masaf Fooad Jabir, Unidentified, Palestinian medic killed in Al-Shujayea area

368. Khalid Hamid, Unidentified, Palestinian journalist killed in Al-Shujayea area

369. Unidentified body, unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

370. Unidentified body, unidentified, killed in Al-Shujayea area

 

ISRAELIS DEAD 

1. Dror Khenin, 37, killed near Erez crossing.

2. Eitan Barak, 20, killed inside Gaza – Israeli soldier.

3. Unnamed civilian, Bedouin community near Dimona.

4. Bar Rahav, 21, killed inside Gaza – Israeli soldier.

5. Bnaya Rubel. 20, killed inside Gaza – Israeli soldier.

6. Adar Barsano, 20, killed inside Gaza – Israeli soldier

7. Amotz Greenberg, 45, killed inside Gaza – Israeli soldier

 


BACKGROUND

Gaza Under Siege: Naming the Dead | AJE

GAZA UNDER ATTACK: An Interactive Chronology of Disproportionate Acts on Gaza

1 in 5 Gaza Dead Are Children –Karin Laub & Yousur Alhlou | HuffPost

Hamas Shows Resistance in Face of Israeli Ground Incursion | WashPost

Everything You Need to Know About Israel-Palestine | VOX

 

Last updated: 07/20/2014 @ 6:00 PM ET

 

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No Survivors: Malaysian Flight MH17 Shot Down Over Ukraine

On July 17, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17), a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur crashed near Hrabove (area under military control of Donbass People’s Militia) in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine about 40 km (25 mi) from the Ukraine–Russia border. It is believed to have been shot down by pro-Russian separatists, armed with a Buk surface-to-air missile. All 283 passengers and 15 crew on board the Boeing 777-200ER airliner died. The crash occurred in the conflict zone of the ongoing Donbass insurgency, in the area controlled by pro-Russian rebel groups.

According to Ukrainian Interior Ministry official, Anton Gerashchenko, a Buk missile hit the aircraft at an altitude of 10,000 m (33,000 ft). Ukrainian security services said they intercepted two phone conversations in which pro-Russian separatists discuss with Russian intelligence officers having just shot down a civilian plane. On 19 July, Vitaly Nayda, the chief of the Counter- Intelligence Department of the SBU, told a news conference: “We have compelling evidence that this terrorist act was committed with the help of the Russian Federation. We know clearly that the crew of this system were Russian citizens.”

The pro-Russian separatists denied the recorded talks were related to the crash of MH17. Alleged separatist conversations with Russian intelligence agents were also intercepted, in which rebels reportedly express satisfaction that they are in possession of a Buk missile system. President Barack Obama, citing U.S. intelligence officials, said the plane was shot down by a missile and that there was “credible evidence” it was fired from a location held by pro-Russian rebels.

The crash was the airline’s second major incident of the year. Flight 370 (Boeing 777-200ER 9M-MRO) disappeared on 8 March en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur. The disappearance of Flight MH370 remains a mystery. With 298 deaths, MH17 is the deadliest aviation incident since the September 11 attacks, the deadliest air accident in Ukraine, the deadliest-ever Boeing 777 hull loss and the deadliest incident in Malaysia Airlines’ history.

PASSENGERS & CREW
On 19 July, Malaysia Airlines released the full list of passengers and crew. In a statement, the airline said it is still unable to contact the next of kin for all the victims, and that friends and family of should contact the Malaysia Airlines Family Support Center at +603 7884 1234 in Malaysia.

Among the passengers were approximately 100 delegates en route to the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, including Joep Lange, a former president of the International AIDS Society, which organizes the conference. Also on board was Dutch senator Willem Witteveen, his wife and daughter; Cor Schilder (Pan), [importance?] drummer and vocalist of Vast Countenance, and his girlfriend; Australian author Liam Davison, travelling with his wife; and Malaysian actress Shuba Jaya, [importance?] her husband and baby.

The names of each passenger is noted in the second column, while passengers’ nationality and sex are noted in columns three and four, respectively. See the full list of names below. 

A wave of international outrage over how the bodies of the plane crash victims were being handled came after journalists reported reeking bodies baking in the summer heat, piled into body bags by the side of the road or still sprawled where they landed in the verdant farmland in eastern Ukraine after their plane was shot out of the sky.

The international community also expressed concern over reports that rebels who control the crash site could be tampering with the evidence there, prompting U.S. and European leaders to demand that Russian President Vladimir Putin make sure rebels give international investigators full access to the crash site.

Donetsk rebel leader Alexander Borodai said the bodies recovered from the crash site would remain in four refrigerated train cars in the rebel-held town of Torez, 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the crash site, until the arrival of an international aviation delegation. He also said the plane’s black boxes have been recovered and will be handed over to the International Civil Aviation Organization.

On July 20, in a blistering opinion piece for the Sunday Times, UK Prime Minister David Cameron called the attack a “direct result of Russia destabilizing a sovereign state, violating its territorial integrity, backing thuggish militias and training and arming them.”

“We must turn this moment of outrage into a moment of action,” Cameron added.

However, it is important to note that the investigation is ongoing and much of what is known now has been funneled through various sources and may be unreliable.

————
This post will be updated periodically as more information becomes available.

 

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The Killing of Kids in Armed Conflicts & War | The New Yorker

Ugandan-Child-Holding-a-Rifle

A Child Soldier in Uganda, Member of the LRA (Getty Images)

In 1994, on the eve of Rwanda’s genocide, Radio Mille Collines, in Kigali, incited listeners with a venomous message: “To kill the big rats, you have to kill the little rats.” It was a veiled command to murder the youngest generation of Tutsis, the country’s minority tribe. In less than four months, an estimated three hundred thousand children were slashed, hacked, gunned, or burned to death, according to the United Nations. Among the dead were newborns.

The Rwandan slaughter was not unique. The specific targeting of children is one of the grimmest new developments in the way conflicts have been waged over the past fifty years. In the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries, roughly half of all deaths in conflict zones were civilian, according to the U.N. During the Second World War, civilians accounted for two-thirds of the fatalities. By the twentieth century’s end, almost ninety per cent were civilian.

Children have accounted for increasingly large chunks of those deaths. In 1995, UNICEF reported that roughly two million kids had been killed in wars over the previous decade—more children than soldiers. “Children are not just getting caught in the crossfire, they are also likely to be specific targets,” Graça Machel, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative, declared in the first U.N. “Children in War” report, in 1996. She went on:

When ethnic loyalties prevail, a perilous logic clicks in. The escalation from ethnic superiority to ethnic cleansing to genocide, as we have seen, can become an irresistible process. Killing adults is then not enough; future generations of the enemy—their children—must also be eliminated.

In the twenty-first century, the escalating dangers to children in conflict zones are often overlooked amid the terrible dramas of individual loss, such as the recent killing of three Israeli teen-agers and a young Palestinian. But the worldwide numbers are unprecedented. “We’re seeing everywhere that violence against children is an epidemic, amplified in conflict situations,” Susan Bissell, UNICEF’s chief of child protection, told me this week. “One billion children are today living in countries and territories affected by war or conflict—and it’s fair to conclude that large numbers suffer violent injuries and death.”

According to the Secretary-General’s latest “Children and Armed Conflict” report, issued on Tuesday, one of the most dangerous places to be a child is Syria. To take a single example: in the spring of 2011, Hamza al-Khateeb, a pudgy thirteen-year-old, got separated from his parents during a protest against the government of Bashar al-Assad. His mutilated corpse—with gunshot wounds, cigarette burns, a shattered jaw and kneecaps, and a severed penis—was returned to the family a month later. A government medical examiner reportedly claimed that the boy had been shot during the protest, and that the disfigurement was either normal decay or faked. Pictures of the body circulated on the Internet and in Syrian media, perhaps as a warning to dissidents and parents.

Since then, at least eleven thousand Syrian children—and probably thousands more—are estimated to have died in the vicious civil war. Almost eight hundred were summarily executed, with dozens killed by chemical weapons, according to the Oxford Research Group. One of the most memorable pictures from the Syrian regime’s use of sarin nerve gas last August was the long row of little corpses, wrapped in white shrouds that exposed innocent faces, as they awaited burial.

Other kids have become collateral for combatants. As Israel searched for the three abducted teenagers, UNICEF issued a statement of “grave concern” about the May 29th kidnapping of a hundred and forty Kurdish schoolboys in northern Syria. As they were returning to their hometown from junior-high-school exams in Aleppo, they were seized and taken hostage by the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). Four managed to escape; the rest are still missing.

Technology, ranging from nuclear weapons to small cluster bombs, has made non-combatants, especially the young, particularly vulnerable. I lived in Lebanon during its civil war. After the Israeli invasion in the nineteen-eighties, dozens of Lebanese kids were killed by cluster bombs, either in direct hits or by stepping on them or after mistaking them for toys.

When it comes to the use of insidious weaponry, nearly all sides have something to answer for. In Afghanistan, at least thirty-five thousand children have been victims of land mines since 1979, according to the U.N. Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict. When I visited the orphanage in Kabul in 1999, during the Taliban’s rule, a turbaned official lamented losing orphans who wandered into neighborhoods where land mines or explosives had been deposited by assorted domestic and foreign militaries over the previous two decades. Fifteen years later, Afghan children are still dying from the weaponry of conflicts both old and new.

Death tolls for kids are sometimes fuzzy and often not final, even long after wars end. In Bosnia, more than a thousand children are reportedly missing from a war that ended a generation ago. Aid groups also point out that politicians, militias, and interest groups exploit child deaths—both their numbers and circumstances—for propaganda value, a recurrent controversy in counting the death toll in Iraq’s various conflicts.

Regardless of public revulsion, U.N. officials told me this week, the rising number of child casualties is unlikely to subside anytime soon. Today’s wars are increasingly within countries rather than between them; the fighting has moved to city streets, invading the playrooms of homes and kindergartens.

Reprint: The New Way of War: Killing the Kids  -By Robin Wright | The New Yorker

 

 

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